AuthorTamara Fletcher

Breaking Down The Selenium Framework

When it is about placing the data and codes at a place, we do need a proper framework. Selenium Framework is doing the same. It helps in creating the code a code structure that helps in maintaining the code easily. This way one will be able to reuse or read the code again and again. Selenium Framework helps in maintaining the cost, code readability, and high portability also. To learn about the Selenium Framework in detail read below.

Selenium Framework

We have already defined what Selenium Framework is. To understand the Selenium Framework, people need to understand some of the common frameworks used in the Selenium Framework. A framework is basically for testing any particular function by breaking the complete code in smaller codes. It is important for one to have Selenium Framework at the right place. Because one test case will include the complete functionality of the test. In a single test, code can go up to the codes of million lines, and it will become a huge test case making it difficult to read. Even if one will have to make modify some codes in the test code or will have to remove something, it will be very difficult to do so. That is why selenium framework is very important to use. The three main and important frameworks which you should know about in the Selenium Framework are Data Driven Framework, Keyword Driven Framework, and the Hybrid Framework. Check about these 3 frameworks below.

Data-Driven Framework

In this kind of framework, all type of test data comes from the external file only. Like XML, CSV, Database tables, and Excel. One needs to know how to open and read data from an excel sheet by using the Selenium test script. Like for writing and reading on the Excel sheet, a famous library known as POI is provided by the Apache. This library helps in reading and writing in the Excel in both the formats that are XLS and XLSX.

Keyword Driven Framework

It is also called as a Functional Automation Testing Framework. In other words, one may also call it Action Word-based testing or Table-Driven testing. In this type of framework, all the instructions and operations are keyword driven. This framework works by dividing the Test case into 4 parts. All these 4 parts are different from each other. The first part is the Test Step. The second part is the Test Object, then the third one is Action, and the last one is the Test Data. The first one is a brief description of the Test Step and the action that is going to take place on the test object. The second one is the object or element of the Web Page. The third one is action on the object like opening a browser or clicking, etc. The last one that is the test data, so it is a value that is required by the object so that the action can be performed.

Hybrid Framework

This is a kind of framework where both Data Driven Framework and Keyword Driven Framework’s concept is used. In this framework, excel files are used for maintaining test cases. And TestNG Framework is used for test data. One will need to see the complete description pf this framework to understand it.

Benefits of Selenium Framework

While using the Selenium Framework, one can have different benefits. That is why it is recommended also to use Selenium Framework. Some of the benefits are:

  • Supports Multiple Browser – Unlike other frameworks, when you use Selenium Framework, a single script can be used for all the browsers. Be it Chrome, Opera, Internet Explorer, Firefox, and other browsers, they all can work on a single Selenium script. As this script is completely compatible with all these browsers. One will not have to rewrite the whole script again for different browsers.
  • Can be implemented easily – Selenium framework is user-friendly. It provides a user-friendly and easy interface which helps in effectively creating the test scripts and executing them with ease. So, no worries about using this framework, as it can be used easily.
  • Flexibility – In the testing lifecycle, test management is an important thing. To make the test management efficient and easy, Selenium framework features are used. Like regrouping of test cases, reducing duplication, reducing complications, etc.
ui component libraries

Top Web Components UI Libraries

Before we help you with some top web components UI Libraries, you should know about what web components are. So, web components are the set of some technologies or the web platform API’s which are being used for creating some new customized HTML Tags that can be reused in the different web applications and web pages. It was a problem for web developers when they need to write the complex HTML Tags for rendering custom UI controls. This led them to write the same code multiple times which can make the web pages a big mess. That is when the web components came into existence and helped the web developers. For creating custom elements which can be reused again and have encapsulated functionality, the 3 main technologies of web components are used. The three main technologies are Custom Elements, Shadow DOM, and HTML templates.

Should you use web component libraries?

It becomes difficult for web developers to start writing web components from scratch. As writing the web components from scratch requires a lot of thinking and boilerplate code also. During such time, these libraries are helpful. As they help the web developers to create custom elements easily and also saves time. Especially, when you have to write many custom elements, in that case making use of a library will make your coding simple and efficient. Take for example the escort site Skip The Games, which presents local escorts sorted by country, state, and city. Custom elements are repeated on various pages and there are many pages. A library allows them to be implemented quickly and easily.

What to look for when choosing a web component library

When you plan to choose a web components library, there are a few things which you should check. Like whether the library has enough features or not that can cover all your cases. One needs to ensure that the web component present in the library should work simply just like the HTML element. So, do check this thing also, when choosing the web component library. Interoperability also matters, so check whether the implementation details are leaked by the library or not? A web developer should check all these things while choosing a web component library.

Some web component UI Libraries suggestions

Different web component UI Libraries are mentioned below. One can choose them by following the above-mentioned tips. Let’s know about these libraries.

Hybrid Library

This UI Library helps to create web components. This UI library makes it possible to create custom elements by providing functional and simple API. To define custom elements, pure functions and plain objects are used by the library. It helps in creating a flexible composition. Some of the features of the Hybrid Library are written below:

  • As we just mentioned above, only pure functions and plain objects can be used.
  • Have properties of merging and splitting and can also be reused easily.
  • The recalculation takes place very fast. The mechanism of built-in-cache helps in securing the data flow and performance.
  • It also includes tools for the developer. Like for the fast development, the support of hot module replacement is there.
  • The template engine is created on the basis of tagged template literals.

Polymer Library

polymer javascript library

This web component library was created by Google. It includes the API with simple element creation. This library helps in building the reusable and encapsulated web components. These web components work simply like the standard HTML elements. They are being used in creating web applications. A web component that has been created with Polymer is easy and simple to use. One can easily use it just like using another HTML element and it can be imported easily in your projects. Polymer Library also provides a big selection of elements that are ready to use. These elements are arranged in 7 categories. One can easily migrate from the Polymer Library’s earlier or older version to the Polymer 3.0 version. As it is said to be more compatible and better with the JS(JavaScript) ecosystem. A good part about the Polymer Library was that it was capable of working with different types of browsers including some major ones like Chrome, Safari, Firefox, Opera, IE, and Edge. But now, the Polymer Library has got its successor and that is why it is recommended that if you have created or if you still have the applications based on the old Polymer Version, you should upgrade to the Polymer Library version 3.0. With the up-gradation in the Polymer Library to Polymer 3.0, it has become easy to work with different tools, different frameworks, and some popular libraries also.

Skate.js Library

It is said to be one of the lightweight libraries. The focus of this library is basically on the web components specs usage. It helps in providing a functional rendering pipeline. It uses 2 web component features which are very important. They are Custom elements and Shadow DOM. This web components library helps in the performant web components and functional web components. It writes these web components with a relatively smaller footprint in comparison with other web component libraries. Skate.js web component library is compatible with the cross framework. It easily works with the React and many other different frameworks. It complements these frameworks and provides a seamless workflow.

Slim.js

This is another web component library which is said to be a lightweight library. By making the use of es6 native class inheritance, this library helps in providing the web components with extended capabilities like data binding. The robust web components can be written without any unnecessary dependencies. The developers can take the help of this library for writing these web components easily and quickly. One need a polyfill for those browsers which do not support the slim.js web components library. The extra functionality can be written at any level without any difficulty like at the component level or the project level, etc. As the components of this library are unaware about the library to which the other components belong to or are written in, so this makes the delivery of the components easier with the help of the slim.js web component library.

A few other web component libraries which are popular these days are LitElement web component library, UI5 web component library, and Time Elements web component library.

vue.js progressive javascript framework

What is Vue.js?

In the modern day world, technology takes the lead in almost all aspects of life. This has led to the upsurge in the trend of software development. This is a phenomenon that keeps expanding within the economic and technology sphere. Among the most popular software is Vue .js. It is a progressive JavaScript framework that was developed by Evan You. Vue .js is unique in the sense that it has a number of optional tools which are useful in building user interfaces. When mixed with an HTML it tends to increase interactivity and efficiency, hence making applications more users friendly. The following are a number of the advantages of Vue.js.

Ease Of Use

Vue.js is not a complicated framework. One can easily find their way through it. The reason behind this attribute is that it has a simple structure. This enables the users to easily develop their templates through the framework or add it to their web projects. One can easily troubleshoot errors easily as they can be easily identified.

Small In Size

Vue.js is between 18 to 21 KB. This makes it very popular. The rationale behind its popularity due to its size is the ease with which a user can download and get to use it. The smaller a JavaScript framework is, the better it works. Vue.js has a great speed as it is less bulky as compared to other frameworks that are bigger in size.

Ease of Integration

Being a JavaScript framework, vue.js can be easily integrated into applications that are already built on JavaScript. The framework has further components for everything. This makes it possible for it to be used while either coming up with new applications or even making changes to the existing ones. These are among the factors that place it among the most preferred JavaScript frameworks.

It is Flexible

vue.js with jscrambler

Vue.js gives a wide range of options to its users. For instance, one is able to write their template in HTML file, as a JavaScript file and can also do it as a pure JavaScript file. I other words it is easy for a user to use it and come up with different forms of work. It makes it easier to develop applications that run from the browsers directly.

Two Way Communication

This is a framework that is built of MVVM architecture. This gives it the ability to take on any possible HTML blocks. It is referred to as a two way communication path. This gives it spectacular speeds in terms of its functioning.

Comprehensive Documentation

This is a framework that comes with a thoroughly detailed documentation. This is useful to the users in the sense that they are able to follow and fully understand how to use it. Such documentation is also helpful to the developers. They get to use it while writing up their first as well as subsequent applications and vue.js gives it all. One can easily follow it up and boom! They can come up with their own application or a web page.